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      Kaposi, József

      Educating for Citizenship, Democracy

        The question of civics education in the past 20 years – especially in the so-called developed world – has markedly appreciated compared to earlier. Ever more attention is directed to the question of active citizenship and many countries try to manage the problem through education. This is probably related to the widespread and faster spreading globalization and to the parallel ever more unanticipated and unpredictable appearance of bloody ethnic or religious conflicts as well as the continuous decline in the social activity of younger generations. In view of these tendencies, education for active citizenship has become one of the most significant programs of European education policy, resulting in, among other things, the inclusion of skills related to this area in the so-called European key competencies at the beginning of the 2000s. This study looks at the history of civics education in Hungary, its contemporary international trends, its methodological practice and potential in Hungary in the past 20 years, and the present teacher training challenges presented by instruction on the topic.

          Katona, András

          The history of the school inspectorate in Hungary, Part 1 (till 1935)

            School inspectorate, general (study) inspectorate, teaching inspectorate, professional inspectorate, local and central (state) inspectorate, chief inspectorate, inspectorate system… Different according to period and system, and yet expressions with similar content, which were not always among the favorites of pedagogues. Still – all the way up to the change of system – they have shown their work to be necessary, for the most part, in inspection, or in better cases, in assistance, in charting the world of school, in support. Put a little more scientifically: the system of school inspection in Hungary operated from the second half of the 18th century to the time the 1985 Education Act took force, but typically in the period until the change of system, as a control mechanism of the centralized, public education management system, then, after about a quarter of a century of absence, recently started to operate again. Basically, the study tracks the development of school inspection in Hungary over more than two centuries, between 1777 and 1985, and in our first publication, up to the establishment of the Bálint Hóman unified professional inspection system in 1935.

              Latest issues

                Hegyesi, Zsolt

                America from the slums to White House

                Missionnary Earl Peter Vay’s life and his American Travelogues in the first decades of C20

                  At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, there were few such Hungarian people who travelled to so many places in the world as Count Péter Vay. The honorary bishop with aristocratic roots stood out among his contemporaries not only for his travels, but for his multifold knowledge of languages, broad erudition and unmatched work ethic. From a young age, he completed a missionary commission with amazing enthusiasm, while at the same time he poured forth travel accounts and sociology articles. He had a special place in his heart for the fate of Hungarians, which he showed, among other ways, by battling for the pastoral care of emigrants, as well as his visits with Hungarian communities during his trips to America. His remuneration from the church was generously donated to charity in the country of his birth as well as across Europe.


                      Marton, Gellért Ernő

                      The use of information-communication technologies in history teaching

                      (Considerations for the analysis and preparation of digital teaching aids)

                        The aim of this paper is to formulate a system of criteria that can first of all offer assistance to allow us to examine digital auxiliary learning tools available on the teaching aids market with an eye to determining whether the intention of the publisher is appropriate and in which step of the teaching process we can use these aids. Second of all, this system of criteria can serve as assistance to innovative teachers for the preparation and development of individually-tailored learning aid programs for individual students or groups. The system of criteria has been prepared primarily for history teachers, but we hope that representatives of areas of the sciences and arts can make use of it in their work, too. The aim of the present work is not to analyze or evaluate web-based framework systems (eg. MOODLE).

                          Tarnóczai, Géza

                          Ethics in the Hungarian Soviet Republic and the Horthy era

                            The subject of ethics was included, along with history, among other subjects, in the area of humanities and social sciences already in the first National Core Curriculum, in 1995. Its role and weight appreciated with the changes that took place in 2012, becoming a regular subject through middle school. The study of ethics has a long tradition, going back hundreds of years, in Hungarian public education. This justifies that we reflect on the history of the subject. In our previous issue, the author presented five ethics textbooks from the Dualist Period. This time, three textbooks – published during the time of the Hungarian Soviet Republic and the Horthy era – are up for consideration, with some equally important lessons.